What is Hardwood Floor Refinishing All About?

When refinishing hardwood floors, it’s important to have plenty of space and patience. This is a messy job that requires special containment systems. Refinishing is costly, but it can help your wood floors look new again. It’s recommended that you refinish your floors once per decade.flooring

Hardwood Floor Refinishing Bergen County NJ involves sanding the existing finish on your hardwood floors. This step takes the longest and is usually done by hand or with a drum sander. Before sanding, you must remove all furniture from the room and ensure your ventilation system works. This is important because sanding can create large quantities of dust that must be filtered out of the air before you can continue with the process. Also, be sure to wear a respirator when sanding to avoid breathing in any of the wood particles the sander will kick up.

After sanding, you’ll need to sweep and vacuum the floor to get rid of any remaining particles and dirt. Once your floors are completely clean, you can re-sand the area using a higher grit number to further smooth the surface of the floor. Once you’ve sanded the entire floor, it’s a good idea to vacuum and sweep again before applying your new finish.

Sanding is a messy job, and if you’re refinishing your floors yourself it’s probably best to leave it to professionals who have the tools and equipment needed to do the job correctly. It’s a lot easier for them to do than it is for you, and you don’t want to risk contaminating the rest of your home with dust that could be embedded in your new finishes.

Another reason to refinish your hardwood floors is that they can become discolored over time. The sun’s UV rays can damage the top layers of the wood, leaving it looking dull and faded. A refinish will restore the color to its natural state and give your home a fresh, updated look.

Staining is a step in the refinishing process that allows homeowners to change the color of their hardwood floors. You can choose from oil-based or water-based stain, but the best stains are low-VOC and have a tinting base that allows you to adjust the color intensity. Once the stain is applied, it will need to be sealed.


Once the sanding process is complete (which can take 2+ days, depending on the size of your space) it’s time to stain. The color of your hardwood floors can really affect the overall feel and look of a room, so choosing a stain is a pretty big decision to make for your home. If you aren’t sure about the color you want, you can ask your floor guys to bring a few stains for you to test out on the spot. Or, do your own research before the refinishing begins and find a few stains you love.

Once you decide on the stain color, your floor guy will apply a few coats of a polyurethane finish. This will protect the new surface of your wood floors and give them that ‘new’ appearance once again. Make sure you pick a water-based finish that’s safe for wood surfaces and has low VOC, or volatile organic compounds, which will help to keep indoor air clean.

This will also help to prevent cracking and discoloration of the finished product. You can choose between a matte, semi-gloss, or gloss finish. Which one you select will depend on a few factors, such as your lifestyle and how much foot traffic you have in your home. For example, if you have kids and pets you may want to go with a more durable semi-gloss or matte finish so the floors can stand up to wear and tear.

When the refinishing is complete, it’s important to give the floors a day or two to dry completely. Afterward, you can start moving furniture back into place and enjoying your newly refinished hardwood floors!

Refinishing your hardwood floors is a great way to breathe new life into them. Not only will it brighten up your space, but it will also help to hide any scratches or dents that have occurred over time. In some cases, refinishing can even repair damage that was caused by water, such as cupping. Cupping occurs when the hardwood starts to cave in down the middle of each plank, which can be a sign of water damage. If the damage is caught early, sanding the floors can even out the boards so they are no longer uneven.


A final coat of varnish will give the hardwood floors a protective layer and help to prevent further damage. It will also help the sanded wood look smooth and attractive. There are many different types of varnish to choose from. Some are low odor, others have UV protection. Homeowners should always follow the manufacturer’s instructions for application. It is important to keep the room well ventilated while the varnish is drying. It may take up to 18 hours for each coat of varnish to fully dry.

Varnish can be applied with a brush or a cloth. It can be brushed on in the direction of the grain or against it. If the wood becomes scratched during this process, it is important to sand the surface with 220-grit sandpaper and apply another coat of varnish. It is also important to make sure the floor is protected from moisture until it dries completely.

It is important to use a varnish that is low in VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) so it will not contaminate the air in the house. The low-VOC varnishes are also usually quick drying. It is best to apply two to four coats of varnish, allowing each one to set for at least six hours before applying the next.

When deciding on a finish, homeowners should consider the amount of traffic and how much they want their hardwood to show. There are three finishes to choose from: satin, semi-gloss and gloss. Satin is the most durable and has a slight sheen, but does not show scratches as readily as other finishes. Semi-gloss has more sheen and is easier to clean, but shows scratches more. Gloss is the most beautiful, but is more difficult to maintain because it is prone to dulling and scratching.

Refinishing hardwood floors can be a costly project. The cost of the sanding machine, drum sander, brooms and brushes, stain, and the protective finish can add up quickly. It is a good idea to get several estimates before hiring a contractor. If you are willing to take the risk of doing it yourself, there are a number of tutorials available on the Internet that can guide you through the process. However, if you are not comfortable making mistakes that can cause water or UV damage to the wood, it is best to hire a professional.


Refinishing your hardwood floors is an excellent way to revitalize them. The process can be done yourself or with the help of a professional. The results are worth the effort, and will add to the value of your home. Hardwood floor refinishing is also relatively quick and inexpensive compared to other types of flooring.

Generally, you should refinish your floors every seven to 10 years. This will keep them in good condition and extend their life. Depending on the amount of traffic they receive, you may need to do it more often. You can test whether your floors need refinishing by dropping a few drops of water onto the surface. If the drops soak into the wood, the surface is worn and refinishing is necessary.

Before refinishing, you should thoroughly sweep the floors to remove any dust and debris that might have settled on them. You should also clean the entire room, including closets and cabinets. Next, sand the floors with a drum or belt sander using 40-grit sandpaper. This step will remove the old finish, deep scratches and gouges. Be sure to wear a mask and protective eyewear for safety.

Once the sanding is complete, you should apply a stain to the hardwood. Choose a color that will best match your existing decor and lifestyle. Then, let the stain dry for a day or two before applying a final coat of polyurethane. Choose a low- to no-VOC finish, which will reduce indoor air pollutants and be safe for your family.

When the stain is dry, you should use a broom handle or vacuum cleaner attachment to sweep up any remaining sawdust. Then, you can damp mop the floors. Afterwards, you should allow the floors to dry completely before moving furniture back into them.

You can do a DIY refinishing project, but it is best to have a floor specialist do it. This is a messy, smelly job and requires a lot of specialized equipment. If you decide to refinish the floors yourself, be sure to have all of your supplies lined up ahead of time. This will save you a lot of frustration and prevent you from making costly mistakes.