Stucco Repair Instructions
Whether your home has suffered a storm with significant damage, or you want to add a layer of stucco to your existing home, there are several steps you can follow to repair damaged stucco. Stucco is a natural building material used for thousands of construction projects across the United States and in many other countries. When freshly applied, it has an attractive natural color but will age to gray, silver, or brown depending on the environment and time exposed to the elements. This process of aging and discoloration is called efflorescence.
There are simple Stucco Repair Jacksonville methods that can fix minor cracks. Some examples include repairing small holes left by broken pipes or leaking faucets. These can often be filled with silicon based waterproofing compounds that prevent water penetration. A contractor can fill a larger hole with concrete or asphalt, patch the hole, and then apply a second layer of siding to protect the repaired area. This is a longer process than applying a layer of siding, but it will keep your home’s value and curb appeal in good shape. To save time, most homeowners hire a contractor.
When there is a significant amount of damage to the exterior of a home, including a cracked foundation, wooden frame, or large structural damage such as falling down, stucco contractors may be called in. In some cases, when a structure has significant structural problems, such as fallen down, it will take more than one trip to a contractor to have all the issues fixed. In these situations, it may be worthwhile to purchase additional stucco for the home. It is important to remember that once this additional siding is added, the stucco is no longer a one-time investment.
Stucco can also be added to older homes for repair purposes. In many cases, when older homes are built they include a layer of stucco that acts as an extra layer of protection to keep the home safe from the elements. If the original construction included metal lath along with stucco, the metal lath will eventually become brittle and begin to break, allowing water to seep through into the walls of the home.
There are several ways to repair stucco. Many homeowners choose to purchase a pre-made repair kit and mix the needed materials themselves. Other homeowners prefer to create their own mixture by using an old scrap of newspaper, sand, cement, paint, or other similar substance. If you choose to purchase a mix kit, be sure to follow directions carefully so that you don’t make a mistake that could weaken the underlying mix.
The best way to repair stucco is to mix a fresh batch of new stucco with the wet mix previously created. When mixing the new stucco, be sure to leave at least five inches of space between the two mixtures. Apply the wet mixture over the old stucco, being careful to uniformly apply the mixture across the entire surface of the wall. Once the wet stucco has completely dried, use a mixture of sand and concrete mix to smooth out any bubbles that may form in the stucco. Then, with the trowel once again at hand, smooth out the rough edges of the repaired area until the entire wall is smooth and even.
If the damaged area does not have a large amount of crack or break in it, you may not need to remove the entire damaged surface of the wall. Instead, you can simply fill in the entire space between the repair area and the surrounding stucco finish. This method works great for smaller cracks or breaks, as it leaves no visible areas of repair behind. Sand the area down prior to filling in the gaps, then with the trowel once again apply the repair mixture and allow it to dry completely before removing the trowel. Sand the remaining portions of the wall to even it out before applying a second coat of stucco to seal the repair job and protect it from further damage.
For larger or more severe damage, such as those that require large chunks of stone or bricks, a more traditional method of repair is recommended. First, begin by cleaning up the area using only a minimal amount of abrasive materials. The first step of this repair process is to thoroughly clean the area using muriatic water, a commercial cleaner that is specifically designed for repairing damage to brick, stone, or marble. After this, use a high-pressure sprayer on the broken surface to create a hard, but slightly soft surface that will adhere to the damaged material. Finally, apply a bead of mortar to the damaged portion, which forms the base upon which the rest of the wall is built.